Recognizing the need for closer ties between the two organizations, the General Assembly earlier this year requested Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to take steps to reach agreement in that regard. The UN chief`s draft agreement, which served as the basis for today`s Parliament text, was approved by the IOM Council on 30 June. Today`s action paves the way for the agreement that Secretary-General Ban-Ki Moon and Swing will sign at the UN Summit on Refugees and Migrants on 19 September, which will bring together UN Member States to address major refugee and migrant movements for a more humane and coordinated approach. IOM is an independent, non-normative institution that provides migration management services to States. It supports the management of migration in different forms, including the return of migrants and the prevention of unauthorized migration. The fact that it can prioritize projects without normative constraints makes it more competitive: it does not criticize government policy against any normative norm. Operationally, IOM is more comparable to a private subcontractor than to a traditional intergovernmental organization. It prides itself on its cost-effectiveness and is committed to its decentralization as a feature that allows for flexibility. Capital flows to IOM are provided through ad hoc grants, mainly from States and intergovernmental organizations, to finance specific projects. As a result, IOM has a commercial interest in managing migration. From its roots as an operational logistics agency, IOM has expanded its scope to become the leading international agency, working with governments and civil societies, to promote understanding of migration issues, promote social and economic development through migration, and safeguard the human dignity and well-being of migrants. “The General Assembly`s decision to approve this agreement shows the growing strength of the relationship between IOM and the UN,” said Ambassador Swing. “Since our inception, IOM has worked closely with the United Nations, both operationally and politically.
IOM Member States recognize IOM as a global migration referral agency. And now, as part of the UN family, IOM will give an important voice at the UN table to stand up for migrants and their rights around the world. The term “related organization” does not appear anywhere in the text of the Charter of the United Nations. It is an umbrella term for any organisation that has a cooperation agreement with the United Nations but is not a special agency of the United Nations. Nevertheless, the UN-IOM agreement mimics in many ways that between the United Nations and its specialized agencies, in accordance with Articles 57 and 63 of the UN Charter. The main difference is that a “specialized agency” is subject to the direct control of the General Assembly. “These are times of great tragedy and uncertainty. This agreement shows Member States` commitment to a more humane and orderly migration, which benefits everyone, where we celebrate the people behind the numbers,” IOM Director General William Lacy Swing said in a press release. .